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Arabic is the language of Arabs and Ismael Bin Ibrahim (peace be upon them) was the first to speak the Arabic language when he was thirteen years old. Afterwards, the twelve sons of Ismael spread Arabic language. There was disagreement among scholars about the origins of Arab individual and probably he was an Arab. Arab individual is more proficient than other speakers in Arabic as it is the language of the Holy Quran, which is still recited until today.
Arabic language is the broadest language. Allah selected Arabic as the language of Islam, which was the last religion to come down.  Ibn Taymiyyah said "Arabic language itself is part of Islam, and knowing Arabic is an obligatory duty. If it is a duty to understand the Quran and Islam  and they cannot be understood without knowing Arabic then the means needed to fulfill the duty also becomes obligatory".
Arabic language is one of the recognized living languages and its civilizational role is widely recognized. Moreover, Arabic was the language of culture, science and knowledge long time ago. Knowledge seekers learnt Arabic as a mean for learning sciences and knowledge. In spite of its weak speakers and low progress, Arabic occupies the same position until today.
The history of UOP Arabic Language and Literature Department:
The Arabic Language and Literature Department went through many phases as follows:
First Phase: Establishment Phase
The Department of Arabic Language started its works in 1991, which was UOP inauguration year. The Department of Arabic was a sub-department of the Linguistics Department, which was chaired by Prof. Daoud Abdah. The English Language and Literature Department was the other sub-department of Linguistics Department.  Prof. Ahmad Al-Khateeb chaired Arabic Language and Literature Department and Prof. Ali Hajjaj chaired the English Language and Literature Department. The Department of Linguistics was teaching university requirements and department requirements for Bachelor Degree in Arabic Language and Literature.
Second Phase: Development Phase
The Department of Arabic Language and Literature conducted a constructive review to its programs and plans and started amending them to keep pace with the latest developments. The Department of Arabic Language and Literature set the roadmap for the establishment of the center of teaching Arabic to non-Arabic speakers in cooperation with the Department of English Language and Literature.  The Department of Arabic Language and Literature started teaching Arabic for postgraduates.
Third Phase: Prosperity Phase
After twenty years of establishment, the Department of Arabic Language and Literature launched Master's program in Arabic Language and Literature upon finalizing the requirements of UOP councils and higher education councils.
During the upcoming phase, the Department of Arabic Language and Literature looks forward to:
Establish the Faculty of Arabic Language and Literature, which is expected to offer programs in the areas of creative Arabic, such as scenario writing, dialogue for television, radio and cinema works.
The Department of Arabic Language and Literature offers the following degrees:
  • Bachelor Degree in Arabic Language and Literature (since its establishment).
  • Master Degree in Arabic Language and Literature (since 2011).
The Chairmen of Arabic Language and Literature Department:
Chairman of Arabic Language and Literature Department
Prof. Daoud Abdah
1994 - 1991
Prof. Mohammed Houwar
1996 - 1994
Prof Ahmad Al-Khateeb
2010 - 1996
Prof. Essam Sakhnini
2012 - 2010
Dr. Khalid Jaber
2014 - 2012
Dr. Atef Kanaan
2014 - 2018
Dr. Razan Ibrahim
2018​ - ....

The department seeks excellence in providing advanced knowledge in Arabic language for the sake of serving the region and preserving one of the essential components of nation's identity.

  1. Improving criticism-related skills and ability to taste and assess literary texts.
  2. Enhancing open-mindedness and ability to run constructive dialogue with others.
  3. Balancing students’ knowledge on old and new literature through employing new critical approaches.
  4. Employing Arabic language to serving majors that do not belong to the department, such as: journalism, media and education.
  5. Raising the students’ awareness on the importance of language and literature in social and cultural life.
The department performs its mission at different levels. The department's instructors teach compulsory university requirements and compulsory university requirements. Additionally, the department provides similar educational services at the faculty level and teaches Arabic language-majored students. Arabic language graduates either pursue higher studies or work in teaching and editing positions or combining between both. It is clear that the department takes part in internal and external cultural activities actively. Thus, the department objectives are as the following:
  1. Graduating good specialists in Arabic language and literature, who are properly skilled to enter the labor market and pursue higher studies in order to meet the requirements related to knowledge, skill and education. Furthermore, reviewing and updating the department's study plan on a regular basis.
  2. Providing UOP students with language skills that help them in all courses taught in Arabic by offering compulsory university requirements (Arabic language 1 and Arabic language 2), improving and developing the level of these courses consistently.
  3. To take part in improving the quality of academic life in the faculties and university and participating in all cultural and academic activities and committees.
  4. Developing department /UOP/local community relationship by participating in the events, seminars and conferences, and seeking membership in cultural and intellectual institutions in particular as well as holding seminars and conferences at UOP with the participation of specialists from UOP and other universities.
  5. Working to raise the academic level of the teaching staff in the department by creating a positive spirit of competitive scientific research, publishing, editing and authoring, whether it is in joint ventures, or individual research.
  6. Continually communicating with the university library and encouraging students to perform research and write reports, as well as growing Arabic language books collection.
Department Chair's Message, Prof. Razan Ibrahim

Department Chair
It is important for Departments of Arabic Language and Literature to work in universities that provide special care to them ...
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