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A Bridge Towards Knowledge
401103 The Art of Writing & Composition                                      (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course primarily discusses process of planning and formulating written works. This course also focuses on the structure, components and conditions of written works. Several types of writing errors will be presented, includes errors related to syntax, morphology, semantics, spelling, style and punctuation in order to avoid them in written works. Thereafter, the student will learn about methods and tools of writing and oral expression. The students will look at samples of essays, thoughts, letters, memos and addresses.
401104 Arabic Language Issues in the Modern Times                  (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course was structured on the principles of modern linguistics. This course discusses a number of modern Arabic issues and raise students’ awareness the cultural, social, political and civil implications of such issues. These issues include switching between using standard Arabic to colloquial Arabic, Arabization of Sciences, the effect of translating English reference on Arabic styles, the impact of media on Arabic Language, setting language standards for authoring books and modern curricula that are in line with students’ level, reasons behind students’ weakness and their solutions, Arabic writing system, methods of teaching syntax, and other language issues and challenges confronted by the nation and society.
401110 Introduction to Hebrew Language                                    (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course is intended to teach students the basics of modern Hebrew. It also seeks to familiarize them with the relationship between Hebrew and Arabic. Besides that, it aims to help students to master skills of reading, writing, and listening and speaking. It is supposed to enrich their vocabulary with the most common and widely used 1500 words in everyday life.
401115 Ancient and Modern History                                              (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course addresses several topics in old and modern history. The first chapter addresses old civilizations, including: Sumerian, Canaanite, Egyptian and Greek civilizations. In chapter two, the students will learn about the most critical milestones in the modern European history, including: Renaissance age, age of enlightenment, scientific revolution and industrial revolution. It will also familiarize students with the social and political systems that have appeared in Europe, such as: Capitalism, socialism and democracy. The fourth chapter presents some major milestones in the modern Arab history, namely: Sykes-Picot Agreement, Great Arab Revolt, Zionist movement, history of Jordan, modern Arab renaissance and its figures. In the fifth chapter, the student will learn about three international and regional organization, including: United Nations, Arab League and Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC).
401203 Literary Appreciation                                                         (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course is a development of students’ literary appreciation, their skills of analyzing literary texts from all of its aspects and in form and contents, using a selection of quality literary texts, including texts from ancient Arab poetry, modern poetry, short story, novel, drama, maqama and biography.
401205 Writing Skills in Arabic Language (for Journalism and Media)                                                                                              (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course is concerned with Arabic language. It trains students on writing Arabic texts according to sound grammar and language rules. In addition, it trains students on critical reading of journalistic articles and exposes them to their weaknesses and strengths with emphasis on language and stylistics. The course also focuses on simplified standard Arabic as it is used by professionals working in journalism and media.
401210 Principles of Syntax                                                           (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course aims at providing a brief introduction to some common issues in Arabic Syntax, such as Murab, Mabni, Marfoot, Mansobat, and Majrorat. It also addresses the most significant language rules the students must comprehend from their very earliest ages. The course also presents the most common errors in Arabic syntax and morphology for class teacher students.
401211 Pre-Islamic Poetry                                                             (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course aims to teach students how to read pre-Islamic poetry in an analytical and systematic manner. A set of texts will be discussed to identify components of poetry, relation of texts with their spatial and temporal contexts and their impacts on pre-Islamic poetry.
401212 Syntax (1)                                                                         (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course discusses declinable and indeclinable of nouns and letters, declinability using original signs and sub signs, subject and predicate, Kan and its sisters, Inn and its sisters, verbs of approaching, verbs of hope, and verbs of start, verbs in general, signs of nasb and jasm the present verb, doer, substitute of doer, and absolute condition structure.
401213 Islamic & Umayyad Poetry                                               (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: 401211
This course primarily discusses major poetry issues. This age consists of two stages:Prophet Mohammad stage and Rashidun Caliphate stage (From 1 H to 45 H) and Umyyad state age (until 132 H). The most significant topics in the first stage include impact of Prophet Mohammad Message, weakness of poetry, poetry of experienced people, repentance poetry, poetry of wars of apostasy. The most significant topics in the second age include spread of poetry, development of ideas in composed poems, platonic love poetry, opposites poetry, satirical poetry, political poetry, eulogy poetry. This course will present the most significant features of these stages, most prominent poets in these two stages and impact of political, social and intellectual life on poetry composition.
401215 Prosody and Rhythm                                                         (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course addresses the evolution, development and history of Prosody and presents the most common Prosody terminology. Knowledge of all prosodic patterns, bringing about full mastery of rhythms, poetic feed, along with the rhyme-scheme discipline through  its varied branches, with total focus on practical exercises.
401216 Morphology                                                                        (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course covers a set of topics concerning word structure, metrification to word structure due to addition and omission, word derivation, word patterns, diminutives, 'nisba', adding pronouns to verbs, Ilal, Ibdal and Idgham.
401218 Poetry in the Abbasid Era                                                  (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: 401213
This course primarily discusses poetry styles in the Abbasid Era including nature poetry, well-versed poetry, wisdom poetry, imprisonment poetry, lasciviousness poetry, erotic poetry, political praise poetry, Sufism poetry, philosophical poetry and Luzumiyat. Moreover, the course will highlight the most common features of the Abbasid Poetry, most prominent Abbasid poets and the impact of the political, social and intellectual life on poetry production.
401219 Children’s Literature                                                          (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course familiarizes the students with the definition of children's literature. It also presents educational, literary and artistic criteria that can be used in assessing all literary genres taught to children. The course plan focuses on theoretical and applied aspects of the children literature.
401240 Old Arabic Prose                                                                (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course aims to study old Arabic prose from the pre-Islamic era to the end of the Abbasside era, focusing on various genres like speech, letters, rhymed anecdotes (Maqama) in addition to some important books in our distinctive prose tradition that shaped Arabic prose like Kalila wa Dimna, Al bokhlaa, Tawq al Hamama, Al-Moqabasat, Al Emtaa wal Monassa, etc. The course also attempts to link the formation of these genres and their development with changes of civilization and thoughts in the Arab Islamic states supported by the study of a number of texts representative of old Arabic prose in terms of evolution and development.
401320 Lexicology                                                                          (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course aims at defining Lexicography, both linguistically and idiomatically, in addition to clarification of the relationship between linguistic meaning and idiomatic meaning. It tackles the rise and development of lexicography, in addition to proposing the early attempts in this field. It addresses the evolution of dictionary authoring and the most significant schools in arranging dictionaries such as the Phonological School and its pioneer, Al-Khalil Bin Ahmad in his book, Al-Ain, the Qafieh (Rhyme) School and its pioneer, Al-Jawahri in his dictionary, Al-Sahhah; And the Modern (Alphabetical) School and its pioneer, Al-Zimakhshari, in his dictionary “the Basic of Rhetoric”. It also tackles the dictionaries of meaning and those of vocabulary in addition to their most important references. After that, it deals with dictionary authoring in modern times, the efforts exerted by language academies in this regard, most important problems and defects of modern dictionaries and how to deal with them. It finally talks about how to carry out research on dictionaries by using computers, in addition to the most important programs and electronic sites and programs concerned with Arabic dictionaries.
401322 Syntax (2)                                                                         (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: 401212
This course addresses the five objects, namely: Object, absolute object, adverb of time, adverb of place, causative object, object of accompaniment, specificative and state qualifier. The course presents the most syntactic styles, such as: Style of praise and abuse, exclamation style, exception style, style of asking help, style of the lamentation, limitation style, style of temptation, style of warning and conditional style.
401323 Classical Criticism                                                               (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course focuses on studying the environments that contributed to the formation of old criticism by linguists, philosophers, literary writers; Selection of critical texts representing previous environments and addressing the main topics of the old criticism.
401325 Arabic Teaching Methods                                                   (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course aims to help students acquire teaching methods and skills for teaching Arabic. It addresses objectives of teaching language and means of achieving them and gives special attention to module unit, assessment means and provision of practical exercises about them.
401326 Andalusian Literature                                                        (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: 401218
This course addresses key literary issues in the Andalusian era. This era consists of two phases; The first relates to poetry and the second relates to prose. The first phase includes establishment poetry, impact of eastern poetry, poetry of nostalgia and yearning, nature poetry, elegy poetry, Andalusian stanzas, folk poetry, Andalusian opposition poetry and impact of Andalusian Poetry in Tropador Poets. The second phase relates to prose, namely: Impact of eastern prose in Andalusian prose, impact of Andalusian prose on European prose. This course will address the most common features of this era, Andalusian poets, impact of political, social and intellectual life on Andalusian literature production.
401327 Syntax (3)                                                                         (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: 401322
This course addresses nouns impacted by prepositions, meanings of prepositions, additional prepositions, Simi-additional prepositions, verbal addition, real addition, conjunction, emphasis, adjective, substitute, grammatical sentences, semi grammatical sentences, and derived source.
401330 Applied Linguistics                                                             (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course deals with the contributions of the linguistic theory, with special emphasis on the applications such as the teaching of Arabic language to both natives and foreigners. It also deals with language planning, computational linguistics, translation, speech defects and lexicography.
401350 Rhetoric and Stylistics                                                       (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course aims to familiarize students with Arabic rhetoric and its sub-sciences, such as: Semantics, study of metaphor and stylistics, study of elegant composition through general applied models. It also links between the concepts of Arab rhetoric schools with modern criticism and rhetoric concepts to help students acquire knowledge and theories in stylistics and literature analysis. Stylistics serve as a bridge between modern linguistics and literary analysis. The course introduces new stylistics methods and addresses literature languages and their unique features. It also analyzes literary text from stylistics and linguistics aspects.
401440 Research Methodology in Language and Literature         (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course examines the significance of the term “methodology” in language dictionaries and the scientific definition of term. It also examines old and new research methods in general and touches upon extracting ang gathering literary and linguistic information from its sources. The course also examines, in detail, research methods used by Arab literary critics and linguists, in addition to the work of pioneer scholars who adopted the historical, narrative and analytical research methodologies. It also examines certain aspects of the development of authorship in the fields of language and literature.
401441 Modern Literature (1)  - (Poetry)                                     (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: 401218
This course deals with development of Arabic poetry since the renaissance, appearance of modernity trends, poetry trends (revival poetry, romantic poetry, realistic poetry, free poetry) represented by poets of transition and development. The course highlights factors contributing to the modern Arabic poem.
401442 Linguistics and Phonetics                                                   (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course aims to familiarize students on linguistics and its branches, including: General linguistics, historical linguistics, sociolinguistics, psychological linguistics…etc.) and schools of linguistics (descriptive, generative and transformational…etc.). It addresses levels of linguistic study, phonological sounds and rules, word formation rules, sentence formation rules, pragmatics in light of the modern linguistic theories and comparing them with the content of Arab heritage language books.
401443 Modern Criticism                                                                (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: 401323
This course aims to familiarize students with all modern literary criticism approaches and train them on the method of analyzing literary text. The course also aims to familiarize students with the most prominent Arab and foreign critics by highlighting key features of their approaches. It also trains students on comprehending text’s good-looking aspects by means of critical tools presented to students.
401444 Comparative Literature                                                     (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course is an introduction to comparative literature; Approaches, functions, contact variables, reciprocal contact between nations, diversity, universal human values, representative samples of Arabic and foreign literature, models of Arabic and foreign literary interaction.
401445 Syntax (4)                                                                         (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: 401327
This course aims to train on how to master language through employing what they learnt and allow them to use them in many forms making them able to deal with different texts. By doing so, students will be able to speak fluently and formulate accurate texts. This course includes exercises and identifying grammatical status of qur’anic verses, poems and prose texts. It also familiarizes students with books identifying grammatical status of the holy Quran, Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad, poetry books and prose books and examples about them.
401446 Modern Literature (2) – (Novel)                                       (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: 401240
This course addresses Arabic novel from the end of the Nineteenth Century to present. The student will learn about a set of the modern intellectual factors impacting the modern Arab literature in general and novel in particular. It also addresses prevailing trends of novel in history of international novel that impacted Arab novel. This course gives particular attention to the artistic components and trains students on the method of analyzing the novel.
401447 Philology                                                                             (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course deals with Standard Arabic, its dialects, its features, connection to Semitic family, Arabic codification, and semantic aspects based on a semantic theory of one of the Arab linguists.
401448 Language Editing & Proofreading                                      (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course aims at improving students’ skills in language editing and proofreading though the study of the theoretical and practical principles used in ridding the written text of all errors. The course focuses on writing: Its rules and conventions, its organization and its presentation. In addition, the course introduces students to the basic principles of planning, constructing and presenting certain types of writing, together with the terminologies used therein. By entering the world of the written text, students learn how to deal with the techniques of producing the text before moving to the practical part of the course, in which they get trained in editing and proofreading. The course also offers training in close study of different texts with a view in proofreading them, for proofreading is considered one of the fundamentals of completing the production and presentation of the written text. It gives this text its final version, making it readable and publishable.
401450 Modern Literature (3) – (Drama)                                     (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: 401240
This course deals with introducing the origin of the theatrical art and ancient religious rites, along with the concepts of drama, tragedy, three unities, Aristotle's catharsis and foreignization. It also deals with the most prominent international and Arab authors of Drama, reviews most significant developments in Drama, and critically reads several international and Arab plays.
401451 Psycho & Sociolinguistics                                                (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course deals with linguistic phenomena as a cognitive and verbal phenomenon, relation between linguistics with psychology, cognitive psychology, speech pathology, speech problems arising from psychological factors, language and thought, language as a cultural and cognitive phenomenon, language and society. The language serves a tool for social communication. The course highlights linguistic efforts in this field.
401452 Children's Language & Literature                                     (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course familiarizes the students with the definition of children's literature. It also presents educational, literary and artistic criteria that can be used in assessing all literary genres taught to children. The course plan focuses on theoretical and applied aspect of the children literature.
401460 Text Analysis                                                                     (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: 401443
This course deals with the concept of the text and other issues, in the light of contemporary (modern) critical theories. It also focuses by means of analysis and study, on the text per se along with its varied components, beginning with textual parallel; Title, prologue, and dedication etc.. as well as their indications. Equally addressed are the linguistics, stylistics, intertextual and varied components (aspects). Special emphasis is also placed on the fact that reading the text should begin first within the text and then without the text. Beside that, extrinsic references within the text should be used in the interpretation and appreciation of its indication, with special focus on the relationship between text and recipient in the light of contemporary.
401461 Inimitability of the Holy Qura’an                                       (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course is a study of aspects of the Qur’anic linguistics excellence at the phonological, syntactic and semantic levels; Analysis of Qur’anic verses against the Old and Modern approaches.
401462 Islamic Philosophy                                                             (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course is a study of political conflicts at the beginning of Islam, emergence of parties and circles, origin of philology, its development, information transfer and translation into Arabic, origin of Islamic philosophy, development and its proponents, important issues discussed by Avicenna, Al-Khawirij and Al-Mu'tazila.
401464 Modern Literature in Jordan & Palestine                          (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: 401218
This course is a study of contemporary literature in Jordan and Palestine within the context of change in the cultural, social and political system, relation of literary movement in Jordan with its counterparts in Arab countries.
401465 Consecutive Era Literature                                                (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: 401218
This course deals with the Ottoman and Mamluki literature, study of a selection of literary texts chosen from literary work of prominent figures.
401467 A Modern Arabic Literature                                               (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
A study of a contemporary distinguished poet focusing on his achievements in the development of current poetry movement, issues he tackled, aspects of his creativity, characteristics of his style as exhibited in a number of his creative writing.
401468 Written & Spoken Arabic                                                   (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course is a study of conditions prevailing in good writing, levels of good writing and rules of good oral expression, poetry recitation and seminar control.
401469 Creative Writing in Arabic                                                  (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
The aim of this course is to introduce students to the concept of creative writing and to the ways of distinguishing it from other types of writing such as academic writing, scientific writing, official writin, etc... Students will learn about various types of creative writing, including short story, poetry, drama, novel, biography, thought, essay, and scripts for radio and TV. By acquainting themselves with the general stylistic characteristics of models of these types, students acquire artistic and aesthetic experience. Then students begin their training in the practice of creative writing, trying to emulate those models and absorb them. The course also aims at making students perceive the principles and techniques of creative writing and learn how to improve ordinary language artistically and aesthetically. This course aims to enable students to become practitioners of creative writing and to give the talented among them the means by which they can develop both their talents and showing their aesthetic aspects.
401470 Literary and Lingusitic Resources                                     (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course aims to introduce students to the basic resources in linguistics, syntax and literature to help them gain knowledge and conduct research in the field of specialization. It deals with main books of Arabic heritage in literature, linguistics, and syntax, stressing its value, topics and ways of making use of them. It also focuses on the history of Arabic lexicography, its different schools and most important sources along with old and modern Arabic terminology books.
9400101 Arab & Islamic Civilization                                               (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course aims to familiarize students with Arabic and Islamic civilization as well as achievements made by Muslims in Humanities, Sciences, Arts and Sociology. The course also highlights the effect of the achievements of Arab and Islamic Civilization on Western Civilization and human thought, including creative accomplishments.
9400111 Arabic Language (1)                                                        (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: 9401099 / P.T
This course aims to improve students’ linguistics skills, particularly reading and listening skills, through analyzing a collection of texts. This course focuses on critical reading skills, syntactic structures, morphological rules, most common errors in applying grammatical rules, word’s role in communicating meaning and how to use thr dictionary.
9400112 Arabic Language (2)                                                        (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: 9400111
This course aims to improve language skills the students acquired in Arabic (1) course with particular focus on speaking and written forms. To achieve this objective, a set of advanced texts will be studied to improve students’ comprehension of oral and written texts. The students will study syntactic as well as morphological rules and learn about functions of words in a deep and expanded manner.
9400131 Palestinian Cause                                                            (3:3-0)
Prerequisite: None
This course aims to provide students with detailed information on the roots of the Palestinian cause, its development until the end of the British Mandate in 1948. All events took place following this date, including Palestinians' conditions after the first world war, Britain and Palestine, Zionist movement, Palestinians struggling the mandate and Zionism, Palestine in the United Nations (UN) (1947), and analysis of the Palestinian cause.
Department Chair's Message, Dr. Amani Abdullah

Department Chair
The Department of Arabic Language and Literature at the University of Petra is the proper environment for a distinguished academic, cultural, and social affairs and activities. It is ...
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